9 types of heart-related diseases
- Coronary artery disease: This occurs when there’s damage to the heart’s major blood vessel.
- Cardiovascular disease: Also known as heart disease, it refers to heart conditions that relate to diseased vessels and blood clots.
- High blood pressure: When your heart beats, it pumps blood into your arteries. The arteries then carry blood from your heart to other body parts. High blood pressure occurs when the force of the blood against the artery wall is too high.
- Cardiac arrest: Cardiac output is 4–6 liters per minute, so a cardiac arrest occurs when there’s a sudden loss of heart function, breathing, and consciousness.
- Congestive heart failure: The heart beats approximately 60–80 beats/min and with each beat, your heart pumps blood through your circulatory system. But when the heart doesn’t pump blood as well as it should, it’s called congestive heart failure.
- Arrhythmia: Your heart should have a steady beat. Therefore, arrhythmia refers to the improper beating of the heart. It could be irregular, too slow or too fast.
- Peripheral artery disease: Also called peripheral arterial disease, it occurs when narrowed blood vessels reduce blood flow to your limbs. It’s usually a sign of a buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries.
- Stroke: The cerebral blood flow rate in an adult human is typically 750 milliliters per minute or about 15% of cardiac output. When there’s an interruption to this blood supply, it causes a stroke.
- Congenital heart disease: This occurs when there’s a problem with the heart’s structure. It happens before birth but often shows no symptoms until adulthood.